The prevalence and incidence of diabetes increase with age, as do the risk of complications from diabetes. Whereas about 5% of the total world population has diabetes type 2, this fraction is much higher in those aged 65 to 74 what is like adult-onset diabetes. Major risk factors include age 45 years or older a family history of diabetes mellitus, Insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and impaired glucose tolerance.
5% of the total world population has Insulin Resistance
Nearly 1 in 5 older adults has diabetes mellitus with Insulin resistance. With the changing demographics for diabetes mellitus in the worldwide, this incidence has growing implication for older patients and their physician. This incidence has also impact in the health care economy in the developing countries.
Restriction and carbohydrate restriction can have a different effect on insulin resistance
Insulin resistance is most commonly associated with the development of type 2 diabetes in older adult people. Modification of these factors has been shown to improve diabetes and even prevent type 2 diabetes. Obesity due to its growing prevalence in the elderly is notable for its association with insulin resistance.
The relation between insulin resistance and aging has also been recognized. Beta cell function is also associated with type 2 diabetes. Aging is associated with changes in body composition, notably an increase the fat mass and loss of muscles mass. Calorie restriction and carbohydrate restriction can have a different effect on insulin resistance.